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Solar Panels: What They Are and How to Pick the Right Ones for Your House

what are solar panels, Om Solar

Among the many forms of renewable energy that Mother Nature provides, solar power stands out. For almost twenty years, people have been Going Green by harnessing solar energy for use in a variety of industries that boost the economy and protect the environment. 

The solar system for a home in Allahabad you need depends on your setup. In conventional rooftop solar panel systems, monocrystalline panels are recommended for their efficiency. Polycrystalline panels might save you money over time, especially if your roof is open. Want to install solar energy on your RV or boat? Solar panels built of thin film are great. 

Solar panel technology has progressed over the past 130 years to achieve greater efficiency, reduced costs, improved aesthetics, and longer durability. Though all three of these new designs have their merits, the solar panel industry as a whole is currently focused on finding the most efficient use of panel technology in terms of cost.

Solar panel kinds, where to locate the best Solar Solutions for Residential, and how to install them are all covered here.

Also Read: 6 Things to Consider Before You Decide to Go Solar

Define a solar panel

A solar panel is a device that converts sunlight into electricity by utilizing the photovoltaic effect. Solar panels are employed to gather and transform solar energy into electrical power.

Individual solar cells, each composed of layers of silicon, boron, and phosphorus, make up solar panels. The silicon wafer serves as the semiconductor, while the phosphorus layer and the boron layer supply the positive and negative charges, respectively. 

When the solar panel is subjected to solar radiation, electrons are displaced from the silicon sandwich and injected into the electric field generated by the solar cells. As a result, this creates a unidirectional flow that can be transformed into usable energy. 

Various Varieties of Solar Panels Available in India

what are solar panels, Om Solar

1. Monocrystalline Modules

Solar cells are produced utilizing a semiconductor material known as silicon. This element exhibits not only superior efficacy in the conversion of light into electricity but also exists in copious quantities on our planet.

Both monocrystalline and polycrystalline modules involve arranging silicon wafers into rows and columns, forming a rectangular shape. A glass covering is placed over this rectangle.

In monocrystalline panels, solar cells are fabricated utilizing a solitary silicon crystal. The term used to refer to this flawless crystal is monocrystalline ingot. The synthesis of these crystals is intricate and results in a substantial amount of silicon waste, hence increasing the expenses associated with solar modules.

Below are a few characteristics of monocrystalline solar panels:

  • Monocrystalline panels are more expensive than others due to the higher expense of producing pure silicon crystals.
  • The effectiveness of solar panels surpasses that of other varieties. Due to technological advancements, the efficiency of monocrystalline solar panels can now exceed 20%.
  • Monocrystalline panels are mostly offered in larger wattages, with a power output that can reach up to 600 Wp. As a result, this results in increased production.
  • The panels contain cells with a black tinge.

Monocrystalline panels can also be obtained with half-cut cell technology. This variant involves the division of square-shaped solar cells into two halves, resulting in a twofold increase in the number of cells within a single module. The cells in the upper section belong to one series, whilst those in the lower section belong to a different series.

Consequently, if the upper section becomes shaded, the lower section will still produce energy. Half-cut cell panels provide a greater amount of electricity compared to their counterparts.

2. Polycrystalline Modules

Polycrystalline modules are produced by utilizing silicon crystal fragments to build solar cells. Poly modules are sometimes referred to as multi-crystalline modules due to the presence of several crystals in their structure.

The residual silicon waste generated during the production of pure silicon crystals is fused in a mold. Subsequently, the mold is cut into thin slices, known as wafers, to fabricate solar cells.


  • Due to its simplified production process, poly modules are more cost-effective compared to mono panels.
  • The efficiency of these modules ranges from 15% to 17%, which is comparatively lower than that of other types of panels.
  • Poly panels often have fewer wattages, resulting in a lower power output.
  • Poly panels exhibit a more pronounced bluish hue.

3. Modules utilizing thin film technology.

The thin film module is characterized by its reduced weight and sleeker design compared to the mono and poly modules. Thin film panels, in contrast to the other two types, do not depend on silicon.

Thin film solar panels predominantly utilize three distinct photovoltaic materials: cadmium telluride (CdTe), amorphous silicon (a-Si), and copper indium gallium selenide (CIGS). To make the panels, manufacturers sandwich the material between two transparent conductive layers of plastic or glass.


  • These panels are easily installed because of their slim profile and enhanced maneuverability.
  • The panels are more cost-effective compared to other varieties due to their simplified manufacturing process.
  • These panels exhibit the least efficient performance and lowest power output compared to other types of solar panels.
  • Due to their limited durability, these panels are unsuitable for residential and commercial use and are mostly utilized for utility-scale projects.
  • The panels can be tinted either blue or black, depending on the material utilized during the production process.

4. Monocrystalline PERC modules

Mono PERC, short for Passivated Emitter and Rear Cell, is a more recent and enhanced iteration of Monocrystalline modules.

Traditional solar panels do not fully capture all the sunshine they receive. The majority of it traverses the frame. To address this issue, manufacturers included an additional layer onto the rear surface of the solar cells in the Mono PERC modules.


  • Mono PERC modules capture and utilize the light that is reflected from the ground.
  • The panel exhibits superior efficiency and power production compared to all currently available modules in the market.
  • The price of these panels is also comparatively greater than other types of panels available in the market.

Tips for choosing the best Solar Panels for your needs.

You’ve probably pondered saving money and energy by installing Rooftop solar for your Home. While savings are essential, you also need to consider what type of solar panels are best for you while making the switch. therefore there are many factors to consider besides pricing.

1. Assess Energy Needs.

First, assess how much electricity you need to generate before buying solar panels. Determine how much solar energy you want to balance your electricity usage. This will help you choose a solar panel system and the number of panels. 

2. Think About Solar Panel Type.

Solar panels come in three basic types: polycrystalline, mono PERC, and half-cut. Each variety has pros and cons, so choose the best one according to your budget, energy needs, and expected sunlight. 

I. Polycrystalline solar panels 

Polycrystalline solar PV Modules are the cheapest and best for hot climates. The decreased efficiency of these panels may make them unsuitable for small roofs.

II. Mono-PERC Solar Panels 

Mono PERC Solar PV Modules reduce space and are more efficient than polycrystalline modules, making them suited for smaller roofs. They work better in low light, making them suited for sun-free areas. But they cost more than Poly Solar PV Modules.

III. Half-Cut Solar Panels

New half-cut solar PV modules improve efficiency and performance at extreme temperatures. They cost more than Poly Solar Panels but save money over time due to their efficiency.

3. Find Quality Solar Panels

Solar PV Module quality varies by manufacturer. Find Solar Panels with a 25-year warranty. The warranty should cover performance and faults. To verify the Solar Panel Manufacturer’s reputation, examine internet reviews and ratings. 

4. Assess Solar Panel Efficiency

Solar Panels should be high-efficiency. This allows them to convert more solar energy into electricity. High-efficiency panels generate more electricity with fewer panels, making them ideal for small spaces. 

5. Location Matters

Location affects the sort of Solar Panels you choose. If you reside in a hot, sunny environment, choose panels with a higher temperature rating. Choose panels with a lower temperature rating if you live in a cooler climate.

6. Consider Cost

Solar panels are expensive, so evaluate the cost before buying. Find the most cost-effective Solar Panels. Make sure you’re getting a decent bargain by comparing panel prices to electricity output.

7. Verify certifications

Make sure a Solar Panel is certified before purchase. Find items certified by BIS, ALMM, IEC, ISO, or other industry groups. These certificates indicate that the Solar Panel has been tested and authorized for home use.

8. Read Reviews

Before buying, check user reviews to see how well the panels function. With this, you can ensure quality.

9. Price Compare

Compare prices after narrowing your choices. Shop around for the best solar panel deal, which might cost hundreds to thousands of rupees. premium is always important, therefore don’t be scared to pay more for a premium panel. Latest Solar Panel Prices. 

10. Seek Professional Help

Solar Solutions for Residential selection might be difficult. SunShakti Professional team help may be worth it if you’re overwhelmed. An experienced “Solar Panel Installation Services in Jaipur” expert can help you choose the right panels. It all depends on your budget, energy consumption, and expected sunlight. 

Also Read: Does Solar Panel Size Matter? Optimizing Efficiency: Panel Selection


In conclusion, selecting the right Solar Panels for your home or commercial property is a significant decision that requires careful consideration. However, by following the guidelines in our comprehensive guide, you can make an informed decision and select the perfect Solar Panels that meet your energy needs.

If you still have any questions or need further assistance, contact SunShakti solar power company in Jaipur who have the experience and knowledge to help you make the right choice. By transitioning to solar energy, you can enjoy the benefits of cost savings, energy independence, and reducing your carbon footprint. So, start your journey towards renewable energy today and contact our experts for a personalized solar energy solution.

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